Ephemeris generation of the Galilean moons by using VLBI observations in support to stellar occultations

Broilo, Gianmarco (2022) Ephemeris generation of the Galilean moons by using VLBI observations in support to stellar occultations. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Aerospace engineering [LM-DM270] - Forli'
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Stellar occultations are the most accurate Earth-based astronomy technique to obtain the lateral position of celestial bodies, in the case of natural satellites, their accuracy also depends on the central body to which the satellite orbits. The main goal of this thesis work is to analyze if and how very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) measurements of a body like Jupiter can be used in support to stellar occultations of its natural satellites by reducing the planetary uncertainty at the time of the occultation. In particular, we analyzed the events of the stellar occultations of Callisto (15.01.2024) and Io (02.04.2021). The stellar occultation of Callisto has been predicted and simulated using the stellar occultation reduction analysis (SORA) toolkit while the stellar occultation of Io has been already studied by Morgado et al. We then simulated the VLBI data of Jupiter according to the current JUNO trajectories. The required observation were then used as input of an estimation to which then we performed a covariance analysis on the estimated parameters to retrieve the formal errors (1 − σ uncertainties) at each epoch of the propagation. The results show that the addition of the VLBI slightly improves the uncertainty of Callisto even when Jupiter knowledge is worse while for Io we observed that the VLBI data is especially crucial in the scenario of an a priori uncertainty in Jupiter state of about 10km. Here we can have improvements of the estimated initial states of Io of about 70m, 230m and 900m to the radial, along-track and cross-track directions respectively. Moreover, we have also obtained the propagated errors of the two moons in terms of right ascension and declination which both show uncertainties in the mas level at the occultation time. Finally, we simulated Io and Europa together and we observed that at the time of the stellar occultation of Europa the along-track component of Io is constrained, confirming the coupling between the two inner moons.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Broilo, Gianmarco
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Stellar occultation, VLBI, covariance analysis, Galilean moons
Data di discussione della Tesi
13 Ottobre 2022

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