Analysis of the Kohn Laplacian on the Heisenberg Group and on Cauchy-Riemann Manifolds

Canarecci, Giovanni (2014) Analysis of the Kohn Laplacian on the Heisenberg Group and on Cauchy-Riemann Manifolds. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Matematica [LM-DM270]
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The purpose of this study is to analyse the regularity of a differential operator, the Kohn Laplacian, in two settings: the Heisenberg group and the strongly pseudoconvex CR manifolds. The Heisenberg group is defined as a space of dimension 2n+1 with a product. It can be seen in two different ways: as a Lie group and as the boundary of the Siegel UpperHalf Space. On the Heisenberg group there exists the tangential CR complex. From this we define its adjoint and the Kohn-Laplacian. Then we obtain estimates for the Kohn-Laplacian and find its solvability and hypoellipticity. For stating L^p and Holder estimates, we talk about homogeneous distributions. In the second part we start working with a manifold M of real dimension 2n+1. We say that M is a CR manifold if some properties are satisfied. More, we say that a CR manifold M is strongly pseudoconvex if the Levi form defined on M is positive defined. Since we will show that the Heisenberg group is a model for the strongly pseudo-convex CR manifolds, we look for an osculating Heisenberg structure in a neighborhood of a point in M, and we want this structure to change smoothly from a point to another. For that, we define Normal Coordinates and we study their properties. We also examinate different Normal Coordinates in the case of a real hypersurface with an induced CR structure. Finally, we define again the CR complex, its adjoint and the Laplacian operator on M. We study these new operators showing subelliptic estimates. For that, we don't need M to be pseudo-complex but we ask less, that is, the Z(q) and the Y(q) conditions. This provides local regularity theorems for Laplacian and show its hypoellipticity on M.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Canarecci, Giovanni
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Curriculum A: Generale e applicativo
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Kohn Laplacian Heisenberg Group Cauchy-Riemann Manifolds varietà gruppo di Heisenberg normal coordinates coordinate normali
Data di discussione della Tesi
26 Settembre 2014

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