String inflationary models with non-monotonic slow-roll and detectable tensor modes

De Martino, Danilo (2015) String inflationary models with non-monotonic slow-roll and detectable tensor modes. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Fisica [LM-DM270]
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The first chapter of this work has the aim to provide a brief overview of the history of our Universe, in the context of string theory and considering inflation as its possible application to cosmological problems. We then discuss type IIB string compactifications, introducing the study of the inflaton, a scalar field candidated to describe the inflation theory. The Large Volume Scenario (LVS) is studied in the second chapter paying particular attention to the stabilisation of the Kähler moduli which are four-dimensional gravitationally coupled scalar fields which parameterise the size of the extra dimensions. Moduli stabilisation is the process through which these particles acquire a mass and can become promising inflaton candidates. The third chapter is devoted to the study of Fibre Inflation which is an interesting inflationary model derived within the context of LVS compactifications. The fourth chapter tries to extend the zone of slow-roll of the scalar potential by taking larger values of the field φ. Everything is done with the purpose of studying in detail deviations of the cosmological observables, which can better reproduce current experimental data. Finally, we present a slight modification of Fibre Inflation based on a different compactification manifold. This new model produces larger tensor modes with a spectral index in good agreement with the date released in February 2015 by the Planck satellite.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
De Martino, Danilo
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Curriculum A: Teorico generale
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
String theory, Inflation, Slow-roll, tensor modes
Data di discussione della Tesi
27 Marzo 2015

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