Crystallization and morphology of the PLLA phase within random poly (L-lactide-ran-ɛ-caprolactone)

Failla, Simone (2014) Crystallization and morphology of the PLLA phase within random poly (L-lactide-ran-ɛ-caprolactone). [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270]
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This work has mainly focused on the poly (L-lactide) (PLLA) which is a material for multiple applications with performances comparable to those of petrochemical polymers (PP, PS, PET, etc. ...), readily recyclable and also compostable. However, PLLA has certain shortcomings that limit its applications. It is a brittle, hard polymer with a very low elongation at break, hydrophobic, exhibits low crystallization kinetics and takes a long time to degrade. The properties of PLLA may be modified by copolymerization (random, block, and graft) of L-lactide monomers with other co-monomers. In this thesis it has been studied the crystallization and morphology of random copolymers poly (L-lactide-ran-ε-caprolactone) with different compositions of the two monomers since the physical, mechanical, optical and chemical properties of a material depend on this behavior. Thermal analyses were performed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TGA) to observe behaviors due to the different compositions of the copolymers. The crystallization kinetics and morphology of poly (L-lactide-ran-ε-caprolactone) was investigated by polarized light optical microscopy (PLOM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Their thermal behavior was observed with crystallization from melt. It was observed that with increasing amounts of PCL in the copolymer, there is a decrease of the thermal degradation. Studies on the crystallization kinetics have shown that small quantities of PCL in the copolymer increase the overall crystallization kinetics and the crystal growth rate which decreases with higher quantities of PCL.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Failla, Simone
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Parole chiave
random copolymers overall crystallization rate crystal growth rate isothermal crystallization kinetics poly (L-lactide)
Data di discussione della Tesi
17 Ottobre 2014

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