Implementation of a VLSI amplifier interfaced with biomedical sensors for ultra wide band data transmission

D'Amen, Gabriele (2014) Implementation of a VLSI amplifier interfaced with biomedical sensors for ultra wide band data transmission. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Fisica [LM-DM270]
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This thesis presents a CMOS Amplifier with High Common Mode rejection designed in UMC 130nm technology. The goal is to achieve a high amplification factor for a wide range of biological signals (with frequencies in the range of 10Hz-1KHz) and to reject the common-mode noise signal. It is here presented a Data Acquisition System, composed of a Delta-Sigma-like Modulator and an antenna, that is the core of a portable low-complexity radio system; the amplifier is designed in order to interface the data acquisition system with a sensor that acquires the electrical signal. The Modulator asynchronously acquires and samples human muscle activity, by sending a Quasi-Digital pattern that encodes the acquired signal. There is only a minor loss of information translating the muscle activity using this pattern, compared to an encoding technique which uses astandard digital signal via Impulse-Radio Ultra-Wide Band (IR-UWB). The biological signals, needed for Electromyographic analysis, have an amplitude of 10-100μV and need to be highly amplified and separated from the overwhelming 50mV common mode noise signal. Various tests of the firmness of the concept are presented, as well the proof that the design works even with different sensors, such as Radiation measurement for Dosimetry studies.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
D'Amen, Gabriele
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Curriculum B: Fisica nucleare e subnucleare
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
microelectronics; EMG; virtuoso; layout; design; amplifier; UWB; ultra wide band
Data di discussione della Tesi
24 Ottobre 2014

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