Use of isotopes for studying nitrogen processes in a wetland within the Venice Lagoon watershed

Dalmonte, Camilla (2014) Use of isotopes for studying nitrogen processes in a wetland within the Venice Lagoon watershed. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Biologia marina [LM-DM270] - Ravenna, Documento ad accesso riservato.
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The present study is based on the use of isotopes for evaluating the efficiency of nutrients removal of a wetland, in particular nitrogen and nitrates, also between the different habitats present in the wetland. Nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus, normally distributed as fertilizers, are among the principal causes of diffuse pollution. This is particularly important in the Adriatic Sea, which is frequently subjected to eutrophication phenomena. So it is very crucial requalification of wetland, in which there are naturally depurative processes such as denitrification and plant uptake, which allow the reduction of pollutant loads that flow in water bodies. In this study nutrient reduction is analyzed in the wetland of the Comuna drain, which waters flow in the Venice lagoon. Chemical and isotopical analyses were performed on samples of water, vegetation, soil and sediments taken in the wetlands of the Comuna drain in four different periods of the year and on data of nitrogen and phosphorus concentration obtained by the LASA of the University of Padova. Values of total nitrogen and nitrates were obtained in order to evaluate the reduction within the different systems of the wetland. Instead, the isotopic values of nitrogen and carbon were used to evaluate which process influence more nitrogen reduction and to understand the origin of the nutrient, if it is from fertilizers, waste water or sewage. To conclude, the most important process in the wetland of the Comuna drain is plant uptake, in facts the bigger percentage of nitrogen reduction was in the period of vegetative growth. So it is important the study of isotopes in plant tissues and water residence time, whose increase would allow a greater reduction of nutrients.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Dalmonte, Camilla
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
diffuse pollution, nitrate remotion, isotope analysis, wetland
Data di discussione della Tesi
20 Marzo 2014

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