The atmospheric stable boundary layer: Data analysis and comparison with similarity theories

Michelotti, Matteo (2013) The atmospheric stable boundary layer: Data analysis and comparison with similarity theories. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Fisica [LM-DM270]
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The objective of this dissertation is to study the structure and behavior of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer (ABL) in stable conditions. This type of boundary layer is not completely well understood yet, although it is very important for many practical uses, from forecast modeling to atmospheric dispersion of pollutants. We analyzed data from the SABLES98 experiment (Stable Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiment in Spain, 1998), and compared the behaviour of this data using Monin-Obukhov's similarity functions for wind speed and potential temperature. Analyzing the vertical profiles of various variables, in particular the thermal and momentum fluxes, we identified two main contrasting structures describing two different states of the SBL, a traditional and an upside-down boundary layer. We were able to determine the main features of these two states of the boundary layer in terms of vertical profiles of potential temperature and wind speed, turbulent kinetic energy and fluxes, studying the time series and vertical structure of the atmosphere for two separate nights in the dataset, taken as case studies. We also developed an original classification of the SBL, in order to separate the influence of mesoscale phenomena from turbulent behavior, using as parameters the wind speed and the gradient Richardson number. We then compared these two formulations, using the SABLES98 dataset, verifying their validity for different variables (wind speed and potential temperature, and their difference, at different heights) and with different stability parameters (zita or Rg). Despite these two classifications having completely different physical origins, we were able to find some common behavior, in particular under weak stability conditions.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Michelotti, Matteo
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Curriculum G: Fisica dell'atmosfera e meteorologia
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
stable boundary layer monin obukhov similarity richardson number stability
Data di discussione della Tesi
20 Dicembre 2013

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