Evolution and historical biogeography of the Eastern Atlantic skates

Zuccon, Giulia (2013) Evolution and historical biogeography of the Eastern Atlantic skates. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Biologia marina [LM-DM270] - Ravenna, Documento ad accesso riservato.
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In my thesis, I tested the hypothesis that the diversification of the Eastern Atlantic skate faunas arose through vicariance rather than dispersal, using combined approach of molecular phylogeny reconstruction and zoogeography (namely historical biogeography). This analyses have been carried out independently on four Rajidae genera belonging to two different tribes: Rajini (Raja and Dipturus) and Amblyrajini (Rajella and Leucoraja). These taxa were selected because they displayed high species diversity and richness of endemic species in the Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. The verification of this hypothesis was carried out by reconstructing the best phylogenetic relationships among four genera and 26 species (including several endemism) based on mtDNA and nuDNA gene variation and several statistical approaches. Divergence times of taxa have been estimated based on molecular clock and fossil calibration to explain evolutionary patterns in the context of geological framework. Main issues are (i) the evidence that Eastern Atlantic skate evolution and displacement of species diversity occurred from pulsed geographical speciation (i.e. repeated series of parallel and independent speciation events) started in the Late Eocene-Early Miocene and they have occurred prevalently during Miocene; (ii) such relatively ancient origin of diversification has been allowed the sympatric displacement and evolution of several congeneric taxa likely because they have accumulated huge differences in the genomic and physiological/behavioural phenotypic traits; (iii) recently diverged sister species and taxa showed allopatric or parapatric evolution by the presence of oceanographic or hydrogeographical barriers which likely prevent large mixing between parapatric sister species.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Zuccon, Giulia
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Data di discussione della Tesi
21 Marzo 2013

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