Centrifuge modeling of earth-reinforced retaining walls

Iacorossi, Matteo (2012) Centrifuge modeling of earth-reinforced retaining walls. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Civil engineering [LM-DM270], Documento ad accesso riservato.
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Object of this thesis has been centrifuge modelling of earth reinforced retaining walls with modular blocks facing in order to investigate on the influence of design parameters, such as length and vertical spacing of reinforcement, on the behaviour of the structure. In order to demonstrate, 11 models were tested, each one with different length of reinforcement or spacing. Each model was constructed and then placed in the centrifuge in order to artificially raise gravitational acceleration up to 35 g, reproducing the soil behaviour of a 5 metre high wall. Vertical and horizontal displacements were recorded by means of a special device which enabled tracking of deformations in the structure along its longitudinal cross section, essentially drawing its deformed shape. As expected, results confirmed reinforcement parameters to be the governing factor in the behaviour of earth reinforced structures since increase in length and spacing improved structural stability. However, the influence of the length was found out to be the leading parameter, reducing facial deformations up to five times, and the spacing playing an important role especially in unstable configurations. When failure occurred, failure surface was characterised by the same shape (circular) and depth, regardless of the reinforcement configuration. Furthermore, results confirmed the over-conservatism of codes, since models with reinforcement layers 0.4H long showed almost negligible deformations. Although the experiments performed were consistent and yielded replicable results, further numerical modelling may allow investigation on other issues, such as the influence of the reinforcement stiffness, facing stiffness and varying backfills.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Iacorossi, Matteo
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Curriculum: Structural engineering
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Centrifuge, earth-reinforced, modular blocks, geosynthetics
Data di discussione della Tesi
19 Marzo 2012

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