Caratterizzazione e generazione di segnali PWM per amplificatori in classe D ad alta efficienza

Cambareri, Valerio (2011) Caratterizzazione e generazione di segnali PWM per amplificatori in classe D ad alta efficienza. [Laurea specialistica], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria elettronica [LS-DM509]
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The convergence of information technology and consumer electronics towards battery powered portable devices has increased the interest in high efficiency, low dissipation amplifiers. Class D amplifiers are the state of the art in low power consumption and high performance amplification. In this thesis we explore the possibility of exploiting nonlinearities introduced by the PWM modulation, by designing an optimized modulation law which scales its carrier frequency adaptively with the input signal's average power while preserving the SNR, thus reducing power consumption. This is achieved by means of a novel analytical model of the PWM output spectrum, which shows how interfering harmonics and their bandwidth affect the spectrum. This allows for frequency scaling with negligible aliasing between the baseband spectrum and its harmonics. We performed low noise power spectrum measurements on PWM modulations generated by comparing variable bandwidth, random test signals with a variable frequency triangular wave carrier. The experimental results show that power-optimized frequency scaling is both feasible and effective. The new analytical model also suggests a new PWM architecture that can be applied to digitally encoded input signals which are predistorted and compared with a cosine carrier, which is accurately synthesized by a digital oscillator. This approach has been simulated in a realistic noisy model and tested in our measurement setup. A zero crossing search on the obtained PWM modulation law proves that this approach yields an equivalent signal quality with respect to traditional PWM schemes, while entailing the use of signals whose bandwidth is remarkably smaller due to the use of a cosine instead of a triangular carrier.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea specialistica)
Autore della tesi
Cambareri, Valerio
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Percorso sistemi elettronici per l'elaborazione dell'informazione
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Pulse width modulation, spectral analysis, high efficiency, energy saving, low power, switching amplifier
Data di discussione della Tesi
20 Dicembre 2011

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