Experimental analysis of the aerodynamic and mixing performance of a ventilation device

Bragoni, Alessio (2022) Experimental analysis of the aerodynamic and mixing performance of a ventilation device. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Aerospace engineering [LM-DM270] - Forli', Documento full-text non disponibile
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Numerous types of acute respiratory failure are routinely treated using non-invasive ventilatory support (NIV). Its efficacy is well documented: NIV lowers intubation and death rates in various respiratory disorders. It can be delivered by means of face masks or head helmets. Currently the scientific community’s interest about NIV helmets is mostly focused on optimising the mixing between CO2 and clean air and on improving patient comfort. To this end, fluid dynamic analysis plays a particularly important role and a two- pronged approach is frequently employed. While on one hand numerical simulations provide information about the entire flow field and different geometries, they exhibit require huge temporal and computational resources. Experiments on the other hand help to validate simulations and provide results with a much smaller time investment and thus remain at the core of research in fluid dynamics. The aim of this thesis work was to develop a flow bench and to utilise it for the analysis of NIV helmets. A flow test bench and an instrumented mannequin were successfully designed, produced and put into use. Experiments were performed to characterise the helmet interface in terms of pressure drop and flow rate drop over different inlet flow rates and outlet pressure set points. Velocity measurements by means of Particle Image Velocimetry were performed. Pressure drop and flow rate characteristics from experiments were contrasted with CFD data and sufficient agreement was observed between both numerical and experimental results. PIV studies permitted qualitative and quantitative comparisons with numerical simulation data and offered a clear picture of the internal flow behaviour, aiding the identification of coherent flow features.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Bragoni, Alessio
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Aerodynamics, Particle Image Velocimetry, CFD, experimental analysis, NIV helmets
Data di discussione della Tesi
13 Ottobre 2022

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