Design of a bang-bang pressure regulation system for cold gas and plasma engines

Capa, Enes (2022) Design of a bang-bang pressure regulation system for cold gas and plasma engines. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Aerospace engineering [LM-DM270] - Forli', Documento full-text non disponibile
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In this thesis the design of a pressure regulation system for space propulsion engines (electric and cold gas) has been performed. The Bang-Bang Control (BBC) method has been implemented through the open/close command on a solenoid valve, and the mass flow rate of the propellant has been fixed with suitable flow restrictors. At the beginning, research for the comparison between mechanical and electronic (for BBC) pressure regulators has been performed, which resulted in enough advantages for the selection of the second valve type. The major advantage is about the possibility to have a variable outlet pressure with a variable inlet pressure through a simple remote command, while in mechanical pressure regulators the ratio between inlet and outlet pressures must be mechanically settled. Different pressure control schemes have been analyzed, changing number of solenoid valves, flow restrictors and plenums. For each scheme the valve’s frequencies were evaluated with simplified mathematical models and with the use of simulators implemented on Python; the results obtained from those two methods matched quiet well. From all the schemes it was possible to observe varying frequency and duty cycle, for changes in different parameters. This results, after experimental checks, can be used to design the control system for a given total number of cycles that a specific solenoid valve can guarantee. Finally, tests were performed and it was possible to verify the goodness of the control system. Moreover from the tests it was possible to deduce some tips in order to optimize the running of the simulator.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Capa, Enes
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
In-space propulsion, solenoid valve, pressure control system, Bang-bang control
Data di discussione della Tesi
13 Ottobre 2022

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