Upscale of a TCR® plant to industrial scale – characterisation and pre-testing of gas-scrubbing unit

Lenzi, Lorenzo (2021) Upscale of a TCR® plant to industrial scale – characterisation and pre-testing of gas-scrubbing unit. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Low carbon technologies and sustainable chemistry [LM-DM270], Documento ad accesso riservato.
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The Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety, and Energy Technology (Fraunhofer UMSICHT) at Sulzbach-Rosenberg, is developing a new method of intermediate pyrolysis, followed by reforming. The patented process, called Thermo-Catalytic-Reforming (TCR®), is the core technology in the To-Syn-Fuel project. The aim of the project is the production of advanced synthetic fuels from residual and waste materials (in particular sewage sludge), which are converted into the products bio-oil, as well as hydrogen, by means of the TCR®- plans. On the laboratory and pilot scale, the potential of this process for the generation of high-quality fuels according to the European standards EN 228 (for gasoline fuel) and EN 590 (for diesel fuel) has been already demonstrated, now the scale up of the plant is in the phase of commissioning. The aim of this work is to demonstrate the feasibility of TCR® gas cleaning from H2S and NH3 through the use of a scrubber. Several experiments have been carried out using FeCl2 as a scrubbing agent, from laboratory small scale to the real size scale plant, simulating the ideal gas concentration and operating condition of TCR500 plant. The best conditions for scrubbing H2S and NH3 have been investigated testing the stoichiometric reaction capacity of FeCl2 and the best environment inside the reactor. Moreover, new upgrades, such as sedimentation tank, filter, working bulk-absorption system, and a bypass, are tested to improve the scrubbing system in order to establish more efficient results and as well as have fewer issues related to lower byproduct formation, and decreasing of the maintenance time requested by the scrubber. These experiments reached 95% scrubbing efficiency and let a deep know-how for the control of the cleaning system and a good starting point for its integration in the plant start-up.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Lenzi, Lorenzo
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Thermocatalytic reforming TCR® sewage sludge scrubber chemical absorption hydrogen sulphide ammonia iron (II) chloride scale-up
Data di discussione della Tesi
16 Dicembre 2021

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