OFF-State Reliability of pGaN Power HEMTs

Millesimo, Maurizio ; Millesimo, Maurizio (2020) OFF-State Reliability of pGaN Power HEMTs. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria elettronica e telecomunicazioni per l'energia [LM-DM270] - Cesena
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The concern for climate changes and the increase in the electricity demand turned the attention towards the production, sorting and use of electric energy through zero emission (CO2) and highly efficient solutions (e.g. for electric vehicle), respectively. As a consequence, the need for high performance, reliable and low cost power transistors adopted for power applications is increasing as well. Gallium nitride seems to be the most promising candidate for the next generation of devices for power electronics, thanks to its excellent properties and comparable cost with respect to Si counterpart. The main and most adopted GaN-based device is the high electron mobility transistor (HEMT). In particular, in the case of switching power applications, HEMTs repeatedly are switched between high current on-state and high voltage off-state operation. For both operation modes a good reliability must be guaranteed. This thesis is focused on the reliability issues related to the off-state operation. The results have been obtained during a six months research period at imec (Belgium) on 200V p-GaN gate AlGaN/GaN HEMTS. Different devices have been investigated, differing for gate-to-drain distance, field plates lengths, AlGaN and GaN layers properties. Time-dependent dielectric breakdown and hard breakdown tests have been performed in combination with TCAD simulations. It has been demonstrated that the gate-to-drain distance (LGD) impacts the breakdown voltage and the kind of failure mechanism. If LGD ≤3um the breakdown occurs through the GaN channel layer due to short channel effects. In this case, by reducing the thickness of the GaN channel layer such behaviour can be attenuated, eventually leading to longer time-to-failure. If LGD≥ 4um the breakdown occurs between the 2DEG and the source field plates, where the properties of the AlGaN barrier layer (i.e. thickness and Al concentration) and the field plates configuration play the main role on the time-to-failure.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Millesimo, Maurizio ; Millesimo, Maurizio
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
P-GaN HEMT,power transistor,off-state reliability,Gallium Nitride,TDDB,Breakdown mechanisms,field plate,Semiconductor device reliability
Data di discussione della Tesi
12 Marzo 2020

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