Persistent currents in a Fermi gas confined on a ring shaped potential

Pecci, Giovanni (2019) Persistent currents in a Fermi gas confined on a ring shaped potential. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Fisica [LM-DM270]
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This thesis aims to study an ultracold atoms Fermi gas confined on a ring-shaped potential and subjected to attractive contact interactions. In particular, we focus on the analysis of the continuous crossover between the weakly interacting regime, in which the ground state of the system is composed of weakly bound paired fermions and the strongly interacting regime, in which the tight bounds among the atoms allow to neglect the fermionic nature of the pairs. In this limit, the particles can be effectively considered as point-like bosons. In order to determine some observables that keep track of the different regimes of this crossover, we consider an artificial gauge field acting on the gas: the latter induces a persistent current in the ring that presents a periodic behaviour with respect to the artificial gauge flux. The exact solution to this model is provided using Bethe Ansatz and the periodicity can be determined at any interaction strength. Afterwards, we study in detail the number parity effect, that is measurable at low interactions and vanishes in the high interacting bosonic limit of the model, as we expect from the general theory. Such parity effect, that can be detected studying the behaviour of the persistent current, results to be a useful tool to probe the different regimes of the crossover, providing a well-defined distinction between the fermionic and the bosonic limit of the gas.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Pecci, Giovanni
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Curriculum A: Teorico generale
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Ultracold atoms,Atomtronics,BCS-BEC crossover
Data di discussione della Tesi
27 Settembre 2019

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