Micro hydropower in water distribution systems

Mashkour, Mohammad (2019) Micro hydropower in water distribution systems. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Civil engineering [LM-DM270]
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Considering various applications of Pump as Turbine (PAT) as an effective source of reducing the equipment cost in small hydropower plants as well as the selecting process of appropriate location and suitable machinery are the main concerns of this study. Vary range of PAT settings criteria has been propound by taking into account the State-of-the-Art researches. The purpose of this study is to establish the effectiveness of pump as turbine, considering all the possible obstacles such as producer’s market interests, accessibility of technical information and mechanical limitation. Cutting-edge scientific researches concerning PAT have been proposed by implementation of various approaches. The most challenging criteria of PAT, which is selecting the appropriate machinery, has been investigated subsequently. A comparative methodology to model the effectiveness of PATs, both numerical and experimental, has been developed based on the efficiency. The mechanical reliability of the hydropower devices in situ, prototype and numerical investigation have been reviewed. These results have been obtained through measurements and optimization of the simulated system by means of characteristic methods against the established PAT system in many different case studies. Water Distribution Networks (WDNs) allow to obtain a widespread and globally significant amount of produced energy by exploiting the head drop due to the network pressure control strategy for leak reductions. Replacing PAT in water distribution networks regarding to all the possible obstacles, will reduce the final cost and will improve the expected efficiencies, as much as the reduction of environmental impacts. This study definitively answers the question whether PAT is an effective alternative in WDNs. The comparative approach also aims for a better understanding of the impact of PAT on the transition to renewable energy systems.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Mashkour, Mohammad
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Infrastructure Design in River Basins
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
hydropower,PAT,Pump as Turbine,Turbine,renewablae energy,MHP,Micro hydro power
Data di discussione della Tesi
14 Marzo 2019

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