Road safety investigation of the interaction between driver and cyclist

Usman, Muhammad Faisal (2019) Road safety investigation of the interaction between driver and cyclist. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Civil engineering [LM-DM270]
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Abstract

With growing global concern to reduce CO2 emissions, the transportation modal shift from car to bicycle is an encouraging alternative, which is getting more popular in Europe and North America, thanks to very low impact on the environment. On the other hand, the infrastructure for cyclist should be improved, since cyclists are vulnerable road users and with an increase in the number of cyclists the concern for their safety also gets increased. In this thesis, the analysis of accidents in which cyclists have been involved and understanding the reason for these accidents have been discussed, then the necessary requirements to design and implement a safe bicycle network is introduced. The study focuses on the drivers’ behavior in terms of interaction with cyclists when there is a presence of a cyclist crossing. Therefore the road safety investigation on cyclist infrastructure was made with observing drivers’interaction with cyclists. Then the time-based surrogacy measures used to investigate the safety level of the cylist, in particular PET (Post Encroachment Time) and TTC (Time to Collision) between driver and bicyclist were determing keeping in mind the right-angle collision. Furthermore we tried to find the reaction time of the drivers especially on signals and also with the presence of cyclist on the crossing to understand the time which is needed for the driver to stop the car. All of this data could be later useful for the reconstruction of the accidents. Understanding the instants at which driver applies the brakes was made possible by installing a V-Box device inside our test vehicle which also used to determine measures such as speed, distance and other important. Finally using mobile eye tracker the driver visual behavior when arriving the crossing point where observed and results showed that at number of situations driver’s gaze was distracted and only cyclist became an important focus only when he was at a considerable length from the crossing.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Usman, Muhammad Faisal
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Scuola
Corso di studio
Indirizzo
Structural Engineering
Ordinamento Cds
DM270
Parole chiave
Road Safety,Video Analysis,Surrogate measures,Time to reaction on signals,Frame by frame analysis
Data di discussione della Tesi
7 Febbraio 2019
URI

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