Physical and bicycle resistances characterization of utilitarian cyclists

Tengattini, Simone (2017) Physical and bicycle resistances characterization of utilitarian cyclists. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Civil engineering [LM-DM270], Documento full-text non disponibile
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Urban cyclist’s physical characteristics are important for advanced modelling of bicycle speed and energy expenditure, with applications including infrastructure design, network analysis, and health and safety assessments. However, representative values for diverse urban travellers have not been established. This study investigates the physical characteristics of real-world urban cyclists, including rolling and drag resistance parameters, and bicycle and cargo masses. Relationships among physical characteristics socio-demographics and travel behaviour are also analysed, and a bicycle cruising speed model is derived to illustrate usefulness of the sought parameters. Firstly, a 12-sensor, 100-meter coast-down test setup is developed and indoor and outdoor validation tests are performed. Secondly, resistance parameters were measured utilizing the novel coast-down test for 557 intercepted cyclists in Vancouver, Canada. Masses were also measured, along with other bicycle attributes (tire pressure and size). The average (standard deviation) of coefficient of rolling resistance (C_r), effective frontal area (A_f C_d), bicycle plus cargo mass, and bicycle-only mass were 0.0077 (0.0036), 0.559 (0.170) m2, 18.3 (4.1) kg, and 13.7 (3.3) kg, respectively. The range of measured values is wider and higher than suggested in the literature. Thirdly, cluster analysis revealed that cyclist physical typology can be related to cycling efficiency,comfort in mixed traffic, year-round cycling, self-reported speed, and physical activity engagement. Physical typologies might help unveil new motivations in active travel behaviour and encourage urban cycling by a wider range of people. Finally, a mathematical framework is derived from first principles to determine speed from cyclist characteristics (power output, gearing, resistance parameters) and roadway attributes.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Tengattini, Simone
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
cycling,rolling resistance,aerodynamic resistance,speed modeling,cycling behaviour
Data di discussione della Tesi
14 Marzo 2017

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