Sensitivity of forecast skill to the parameterisation of moist convection in the COSMO model

Vasconi, Matteo (2017) Sensitivity of forecast skill to the parameterisation of moist convection in the COSMO model. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Fisica del sistema terra [LM-DM270]
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Abstract

The parameterisation of convection in limited-area models is an important source of uncertainty as regards the spatio-temporal forecast of precipitation. The development and implementation of ensemble systems in which different convection schemes are used provides an opportunity to upgrade state-of-the-art probabilistic systems at the convection-parameterised scale. As for the limited-area model COSMO, the sensitivity of the forecast skill to the use of different convection schemes is assessed by performing different sets of experiments. For one case of heavy precipitation over Italy, the performance of COSMO model run with the Bechtold scheme or with the Tiedtke scheme is investigated in both deterministic and ensemble modes with particular attention to the types of forecast errors (e.g. location, timing, intensity) provided by the different convection schemes in terms of total precipitation. In addition to this, a 10-member ensemble has been run for approximately 2 months with the Bechtold scheme, using the same initial and boundary conditions as members 1-10 of the operational COSMO-LEPS ensemble system (which has 20 members, all run with the Tiedtke scheme). The performance of these members is assessed and compared to that of the system made of members 1-10 of COSMO-LEPS; in particular the spread/skill relation of the two 10-member ensembles in terms of total precipitation is evaluated. Finally, the performance of an experimental 20-member ensemble system (which has 10 members run with the Bechtold plus 10 members run with the Tiedtke scheme) is compared to that of operational COSMO-LEPS over the 2-month period. The new system turned out to have higher skill in terms of precipitation forecast with respect to COSMO-LEPS over the period. In this approach the use of the Bechtold scheme is proposed as a perturbation for the COSMO-LEPS ensemble, relatively to how uncertainties in the model representation of the cumulus convection can be described and quantified.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Vasconi, Matteo
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Scuola
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
DM270
Parole chiave
Numerical Weather Prediction,Parameterisation,Moist convection,Ensemble forecasting,intense precipitation,Model uncertainty,COSMO
Data di discussione della Tesi
26 Ottobre 2017
URI

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