Sea organisms as a source of collagen-derived polymers for skin tissue engineering applications

Modena, Silvia (2016) Sea organisms as a source of collagen-derived polymers for skin tissue engineering applications. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Biotecnologie molecolari e industriali [LM-DM270]
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Abstract

Advanced therapies combating acute and chronic skin wounds are likely to be brought about using our knowledge of regenerative medicine coupled with appropriately tissue engineered skin substitutes. At the present time, there are no models of an artificial skin that completely replicate normal uninjured skin and they are usually accompanied by fibrotic reactions that result in the production of a scar. Natural biopolymers such as collagen have been a lot investigated as potential source of biomaterial for skin replacement in Tissue Engineering. Collagens are the most abundant high molecular weight proteins in both invertebrate and vertebrate organisms, including mammals, and possess mainly a structural role in connective tissues. From this, they have been elected as one of the key biological materials in tissue regeneration approaches, as skin tissue engineering. In addition, industry is constantly searching for new natural sources of collagen and upgraded methodologies for their production. The most common sources are skin and bone from bovine and porcine origin. However, these last carry high risk of bovine spongiform encephalopathy or transmissible spongiform encephalopathy and immunogenic responses. On the other hand, the increase of jellyfish has led us to consider this marine organism as potential collagen source for tissue engineering applications. In the present study, novel form of acid and pepsin soluble collagen were extracted from dried Rhopilema hispidum jellyfish species in an effort to obtain an alternative and safer collagen. We studied different methods of collagen purification (tissues and experimental procedures). The best collagen yield was obtained using pepsin extraction method (34.16 mg collagen/g of tissue). The isolated collagen was characterized by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and circular dichroism spectroscopy.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Modena, Silvia
Relatore della tesi
Scuola
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
DM270
Parole chiave
Jellyfish collagen,Skin Tissue Engineering,In vitro biological tests
Data di discussione della Tesi
19 Luglio 2016
URI

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