Studio retrospettico sul ruolo della strumentazione nei fallimenti meccanici a seguito di Trattamento Chirurgico nelle Scoliosi dell'adulto

Tubertini, Ilaria (2016) Studio retrospettico sul ruolo della strumentazione nei fallimenti meccanici a seguito di Trattamento Chirurgico nelle Scoliosi dell'adulto. [Laurea], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria biomedica [L-DM270] - Cesena
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The spinal column performs important functions in the body, including the support of the entire weight of the human body, the ability to orientate the head in space, bending, flexing and rotating the body. Diseases affecting the spine are manifold: the most frequent is scoliosis, which often affects the female population. It is often treated surgically with a very high percentage of failures. The aim of the thesis is to study the role of instrumentation in mechanical failures encountered 12 months after surgery in the treatment of scoliosis. For the purposes of the study, we analyzed specific biomechanical parameters. The pelvic angles determine the position of the pelvis, while the imbalance parameters the structure of the body. We infer other parameters by analyzing the characteristics of the implanted instrumentation. Initially, the anatomy is described of the spine and vertebrae, the equipment used and the possible failures that may occur after surgery. Subsequently, the materials and methods used for the analysis of the above-mentioned parameters for the 61 patients are reported. All data are obtained by the observation of pre and post-operative x-rays with a special program, by reading reports from operators and by medical records. In the fourth chapter, we report the results: the overall failure rate is 60.9%; the types of failures that occurred are rupture of bars and rupture of bars simultaneously to PJK. The most influential parameters on results of the progress of the surgery are the type of material used and the BMI. It is estimated a high percentage of failures in patients treated with implants of cobalt chromium alloys (90.0%). According to the results obtained, it is possible to understand the aspects that in the future should be studied, in order to find a solution to the most frequent surgical failures.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea)
Autore della tesi
Tubertini, Ilaria
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Scoliosi, Trattamento Chirurgico, Strumentazione, Fallimenti Chirurgici
Data di discussione della Tesi
17 Marzo 2016

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