The contribution of the Finite Volume Point Dilution Method to the determination of solute mass flux in an alluvial aquifer.

Crescenzi Lanna, Eleonora (2015) The contribution of the Finite Volume Point Dilution Method to the determination of solute mass flux in an alluvial aquifer. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Geologia e territorio [LM-DM270], Documento ad accesso riservato.
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Groundwater represents one of the most important resources of the world and it is essential to prevent its pollution and to consider remediation intervention in case of contamination. According to the scientific community the characterization and the management of the contaminated sites have to be performed in terms of contaminant fluxes and considering their spatial and temporal evolution. One of the most suitable approach to determine the spatial distribution of pollutant and to quantify contaminant fluxes in groundwater is using control panels. The determination of contaminant mass flux, requires measurement of contaminant concentration in the moving phase (water) and velocity/flux of the groundwater. In this Master Thesis a new solute flux mass measurement approach, based on an integrated control panel type methodology combined with the Finite Volume Point Dilution Method (FVPDM), for the monitoring of transient groundwater fluxes, is proposed. Moreover a new adsorption passive sampler, which allow to capture the variation of solute concentration with time, is designed. The present work contributes to the development of this approach on three key points. First, the ability of the FVPDM to monitor transient groundwater fluxes was verified during a step drawdown test at the experimental site of Hermalle Sous Argentau (Belgium). The results showed that this method can be used, with optimal results, to follow transient groundwater fluxes. Moreover, it resulted that performing FVPDM, in several piezometers, during a pumping test allows to determine the different flow rates and flow regimes that can occurs in the various parts of an aquifer. The second field test aiming to determine the representativity of a control panel for measuring mass flus in groundwater underlined that wrong evaluations of Darcy fluxes and discharge surfaces can determine an incorrect estimation of mass fluxes and that this technique has to be used with precaution. Thus, a detailed geological and hydrogeological characterization must be conducted, before applying this technique. Finally, the third outcome of this work concerned laboratory experiments. The test conducted on several type of adsorption material (Oasis HLB cartridge, TDS-ORGANOSORB 10 and TDS-ORGANOSORB 10-AA), in order to determine the optimum medium to dimension the passive sampler, highlighted the necessity to find a material with a reversible adsorption tendency to completely satisfy the request of the new passive sampling technique.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Crescenzi Lanna, Eleonora
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Curriculum A: Rischio idrogeologico
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
contaminant mass flux control panel tracing FVPDM batch test kinetic test activated carbon adsorption passive sampler Belgium alluvial plane plume
Data di discussione della Tesi
11 Dicembre 2015

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