Studio geomorfologico dell'area carsica attorno alla Grotta Palombara (Melilli, Siracusa)

Verdirame, Carmelo (2014) Studio geomorfologico dell'area carsica attorno alla Grotta Palombara (Melilli, Siracusa). [Laurea], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Scienze geologiche [L-DM270]
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The following thesis attempts to study and analyse the geomorphological evolution of a relatively small coastal area located to the North of Syracuse (Southeastern Sicily). The presently inactive Palombara Cave is located in this area. The 800 metres of passages in this cave show an evolution in some way linked to the local topographic and environmental changes. This portion of coastline was affected more or less constantly by the tectonic uplift during the Pleistocene, which simultaneously to the eustatic variations have played a key role in the genesis of the marine terraces and the cave. Starting from a DTM made from Lidar data, using a GIS procedure several marine terraces have been mapped. These informations combinated with a geomorphological study of the area, allowed to identify and recognise the different orders of the Middle Pleistocene terraced surfaces. Four orders of terraces between 180-75 m a.s.l have been observed, illustrated and described. Furthermore, two other supposed terrace edges located respectively at 60 and 35 m, which would indicate the presence of two more orders, have been recognised. All these marine terraces appear to have formed in the last million years. The morphological data of the Palombara cave, highlights a genesis related to the rising of CO2 rich waters coming from the depths through the fractures of the rock mass, that ranks it as a hypogenic cave. The development has been influenced by the changes in the water table, in turn determined by the fluctuations in the sea level. In fact, the cave shows a speleogenetic evolution characterised by phases of karstification in phreatic and epiphreatic environment and fossilization stages of the upper branches in vadose conditions. These observations indicate that the cave probably started forming around 600 Ky ago, contemporary to the start of volcanic processes in the area.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea)
Autore della tesi
Verdirame, Carmelo
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Southeastern Sicily; Marine Terraces; Hypogenic Cave; Pleistocene
Data di discussione della Tesi
12 Dicembre 2014

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