Co-frangitura oliva e nocciola: Studio del prodotto

Tota, Lucia (2014) Co-frangitura oliva e nocciola: Studio del prodotto. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Scienze e tecnologie alimentari [LM-DM270] - Cesena, Documento ad accesso riservato.
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In recent times, the choices of consumers have been more conscious and oriented to foods with health benefits. The present paper deals with the study of oil from crushing of olive and huzelnut with the aim of obtaining a “functional food”. Different samples of oil derived from the crushing of olive (O), olive with 5% of hazelnut (O5N) and olive with 10% of hazelnut (O10N), exposed to different temperatures (28 and 35°C) and times (15 and 30 minutes) of malaxation. The samples of oil were initially subjected to a qualitative assessment by the analysis of peroxide and free acidity. Following further analyses were carried out namely the determination of fatty acids and triglycerides by FAST GC-FID, the determination of tocopherols by HPLC-FLC, the analysis of sterols by GC/MS and the spectroscopic analysis with FT-MIR combined with statistical analysis with PCA and PLS. The results showed that increasing the time and temperature of malaxation there aren’t relevant significant differences (p<0,05) in the composition of fatty acids, triglycerides and tocopherols in the different oils, but there are higher extraction yields. The increase of content of hazelnut in phase of crushing causes the decrease of triglycerides C50 and C52, the increase of the class C54, total tocopherols and of total sterols as well. The samples analysed with FT-MIR spectroscopy have showed, on the contrary to conventional analytical techniques, a good discrimination between different oils despite of the similar chemical composition of olive and hazelnuts. After the PLS models were built from spectra FT-MIR in order to estimate the content of triglycerides C50, C52 and C54 and total tocopherols, with good R2 in full cross validation (R2>0,821).

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Tota, Lucia
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
oil, olive, huzelnut, functional food, malaxation, triglycerides, tocopherols, sterols, FT-MIR, PLS,
Data di discussione della Tesi
21 Ottobre 2014

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