Mac protocols for linear wireless (sensor) networks

Katila, Charles Jumaa (2014) Mac protocols for linear wireless (sensor) networks. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria delle telecomunicazioni [LM-DM270], Documento ad accesso riservato.
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Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) consist of a large number of sensor nodes, characterized by low power constraint, limited transmission range and limited computational capabilities [1][2].The cost of these devices is constantly decreasing, making it possible to use a large number of sensor devices in a wide array of commercial, environmental, military, and healthcare fields. Some of these applications involve placing the sensors evenly spaced on a straight line for example in roads, bridges, tunnels, water catchments and water pipelines, city drainages, oil and gas pipelines etc., making a special class of these networks which we define as a Linear Wireless Network (LWN). In LWNs, data transmission happens hop by hop from the source to the destination, through a route composed of multiple relays. The peculiarity of the topology of LWNs, motivates the design of specialized protocols, taking advantage of the linearity of such networks, in order to increase reliability, communication efficiency, energy savings, network lifetime and to minimize the end-to-end delay [3]. In this thesis a novel contention based Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol called L-CSMA, specifically devised for LWNs is presented. The basic idea of L-CSMA is to assign different priorities to nodes based on their position along the line. The priority is assigned in terms of sensing duration, whereby nodes closer to the destination are assigned shorter sensing time compared to the rest of the nodes and hence higher priority. This mechanism speeds up the transmission of packets which are already in the path, making transmission flow more efficient. Using NS-3 simulator, the performance of L-CSMA in terms of packets success rate, that is, the percentage of packets that reach destination, and throughput are compared with that of IEEE 802.15.4 MAC protocol, de-facto standard for wireless sensor networks. In general, L-CSMA outperforms the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC protocol.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Katila, Charles Jumaa
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Communication networks, systems and services
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Contention-based MAC protocols, Linear Wireless Networks, nodes priority, L-CSMA, NS-3 simulator, limited transmission range, multi-hopping, throughput and average success probability
Data di discussione della Tesi
6 Ottobre 2014

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