Quantum solitons in the XXZ model with staggered external magnetic field

Arceci, Luca (2014) Quantum solitons in the XXZ model with staggered external magnetic field. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Fisica [LM-DM270]
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The 1-D 1/2-spin XXZ model with staggered external magnetic field, when restricting to low field, can be mapped into the quantum sine-Gordon model through bosonization: this assures the presence of soliton, antisoliton and breather excitations in it. In particular, the action of the staggered field opens a gap so that these physical objects are stable against energetic fluctuations. In the present work, this model is studied both analytically and numerically. On the one hand, analytical calculations are made to solve exactly the model through Bethe ansatz: the solution for the XX + h staggered model is found first by means of Jordan-Wigner transformation and then through Bethe ansatz; after this stage, efforts are made to extend the latter approach to the XXZ + h staggered model (without finding its exact solution). On the other hand, the energies of the elementary soliton excitations are pinpointed through static DMRG (Density Matrix Renormalization Group) for different values of the parameters in the hamiltonian. Breathers are found to be in the antiferromagnetic region only, while solitons and antisolitons are present both in the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic region. Their single-site z-magnetization expectation values are also computed to see how they appear in real space, and time-dependent DMRG is employed to realize quenches on the hamiltonian parameters to monitor their time-evolution. The results obtained reveal the quantum nature of these objects and provide some information about their features. Further studies and a better understanding of their properties could bring to the realization of a two-level state through a soliton-antisoliton pair, in order to implement a qubit.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Arceci, Luca
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Curriculum C: Fisica della materia
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Soliton breather XXZ staggered sine-Gordon bosonization DMRG Bethe ansatz
Data di discussione della Tesi
24 Ottobre 2014

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