Measurement of CP asymmetries in $\lambda^0_b \to pk^-$ and $\lambda^0_b \to p \pi^-$ decays at LHCb

Ferrari, Fabio (2014) Measurement of CP asymmetries in $\lambda^0_b \to pk^-$ and $\lambda^0_b \to p \pi^-$ decays at LHCb. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Fisica [LM-DM270]
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The LHCb experiment has been designed to perform precision measurements in the flavour physics sector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) located at CERN. After the recent observation of CP violation in the decay of the Bs0 meson to a charged pion-kaon pair at LHCb, it is interesting to see whether the same quark-level transition in Λ0b baryon decays gives rise to large CP-violating effects. Such decay processes involve both tree and penguin Feynman diagrams and could be sensitive probes for physics beyond the Standard Model. The measurement of the CP-violating observable defined as ∆ACP = ACP(Λ0b → pK−)−ACP(Λ0b →pπ−),where ACP(Λ0b →pK−) and ACP(Λ0b →pπ−) are the direct CP asymmetries in Λ0b → pK− and Λ0b → pπ− decays, is presented for the first time using LHCb data. The procedure followed to optimize the event selection, to calibrate particle identification, to parametrise the various components of the invariant mass spectra, and to compute corrections due to the production asymmetry of the initial state and the detection asymmetries of the final states, is discussed in detail. Using the full 2011 and 2012 data sets of pp collisions collected with the LHCb detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 3 fb−1, the value ∆ACP = (0.8 ± 2.1 ± 0.2)% is obtained. The first uncertainty is statistical and the second corresponds to one of the dominant systematic effects. As the result is compatible with zero, no evidence of CP violation is found. This is the most precise measurement of CP violation in the decays of baryons containing the b quark to date. Once the analysis will be completed with an exhaustive study of systematic uncertainties, the results will be published by the LHCb Collaboration.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Ferrari, Fabio
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Curriculum B: Fisica nucleare e subnucleare
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
CP violation, LHC, LHCb, flavour physics, quark, CKM
Data di discussione della Tesi
27 Giugno 2014

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