Influence of microstructure variability on short crack growth behavior

Rovinelli, Andrea (2013) Influence of microstructure variability on short crack growth behavior. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria aerospaziale [LM-DM270] - Forli'
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Fatigue life in metals is predicted utilizing regression analysis of large sets of experimental data, thus representing the material’s macroscopic response. Furthermore, a high variability in the short crack growth (SCG) rate has been observed in polycrystalline materials, in which the evolution and distributionof local plasticity is strongly influenced by the microstructure features. The present work serves to (a) identify the relationship between the crack driving force based on the local microstructure in the proximity of the crack-tip and (b) defines the correlation between scatter observed in the SCG rates to variability in the microstructure. A crystal plasticity model based on the fast Fourier transform formulation of the elasto-viscoplastic problem (CP-EVP-FFT) is used, since the ability to account for the both elastic and plastic regime is critical in fatigue. Fatigue is governed by slip irreversibility, resulting in crack growth, which starts to occur during local elasto-plastic transition. To investigate the effects of microstructure variability on the SCG rate, sets of different microstructure realizations are constructed, in which cracks of different length are introduced to mimic quasi-static SCG in engineering alloys. From these results, the behavior of the characteristic variables of different length scale are analyzed: (i) Von Mises stress fields (ii) resolved shear stress/strain in the pertinent slip systems, and (iii) slip accumulation/irreversibilities. Through fatigue indicator parameters (FIP), scatter within the SCG rates is related to variability in the microstructural features; the results demonstrate that this relationship between microstructure variability and uncertainty in fatigue behavior is critical for accurate fatigue life prediction.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Rovinelli, Andrea
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Curriculum: Aeronautica
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Microstructure variability, Short crack growth rate, Fatigue scatter, Crystal plasticity, Elasto-viscoplastic formulation
Data di discussione della Tesi
25 Luglio 2013

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