Parametric Sensitivity Analysis of the Most Recent Computational Models of Rabbit Cardiac Pacemaking

Giovannini, Alessandro (2012) Parametric Sensitivity Analysis of the Most Recent Computational Models of Rabbit Cardiac Pacemaking. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria biomedica [LM-DM270] - Cesena, Documento ad accesso riservato.
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The cellular basis of cardiac pacemaking activity, and specifically the quantitative contributions of particular mechanisms, is still debated. Reliable computational models of sinoatrial nodal (SAN) cells may provide mechanistic insights, but competing models are built from different data sets and with different underlying assumptions. To understand quantitative differences between alternative models, we performed thorough parameter sensitivity analyses of the SAN models of Maltsev & Lakatta (2009) and Severi et al (2012). Model parameters were randomized to generate a population of cell models with different properties, simulations performed with each set of random parameters generated 14 quantitative outputs that characterized cellular activity, and regression methods were used to analyze the population behavior. Clear differences between the two models were observed at every step of the analysis. Specifically: (1) SR Ca2+ pump activity had a greater effect on SAN cell cycle length (CL) in the Maltsev model; (2) conversely, parameters describing the funny current (If) had a greater effect on CL in the Severi model; (3) changes in rapid delayed rectifier conductance (GKr) had opposite effects on action potential amplitude in the two models; (4) within the population, a greater percentage of model cells failed to exhibit action potentials in the Maltsev model (27%) compared with the Severi model (7%), implying greater robustness in the latter; (5) confirming this initial impression, bifurcation analyses indicated that smaller relative changes in GKr or Na+-K+ pump activity led to failed action potentials in the Maltsev model. Overall, the results suggest experimental tests that can distinguish between models and alternative hypotheses, and the analysis offers strategies for developing anti-arrhythmic pharmaceuticals by predicting their effect on the pacemaking activity.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Giovannini, Alessandro
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Sensitivity analysis, Rabbit SAN cell, Mathematical model
Data di discussione della Tesi
20 Dicembre 2012

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