Stabilizzazione del Blu di Prussia con film politiofenici depositati per via elettrochimica

Kharina, Anastasiia (2012) Stabilizzazione del Blu di Prussia con film politiofenici depositati per via elettrochimica. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270]
Documenti full-text disponibili:
Documento PDF
Download (4MB) | Anteprima


Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a powerful oxidant which is commonly used in a wide range of applications in the industrial field. Several methods for the quantification of H2O2 have been developed. Among them, electrochemical methods exploit the ability of some hexacyanoferrates (such as Prussian Blue) to detect H2O2 at potentials close to 0.0 V (vs. SCE) avoiding the occurrence of secondary reactions, which are likely to run at large overpotentials. This electrocatalytic behaviour makes hexacyanoferrates excellent redox mediators. When deposited in the form of thin films on the electrode surfaces, they can be employed in the fabrication of sensors and biosensors, normally operated in solutions at pH values close to physiological ones. As hexacyanoferrates show limited stability in not strongly acidic solutions, it is necessary to improve the configuration of the modified electrodes to increase the stability of the films. In this thesis work, organic conducting polymers were used to fabricate composite films with Prussian Blue (PB) to be electro-deposited on Pt surfaces, in order to increase their pH stability. Different electrode configurations and different methods of synthesis of both components were tested, and for each one the achievement of a possible increase in the operational stability of Prussian Blue was verified. Good results were obtained for the polymer 3,3''-didodecyl-2,2':5',2''-terthiophene (poly(3,3''-DDTT)), whose presence created a favourable microenvironment for the electrodeposition of Prussian Blue. The electrochemical behaviour of the modified electrodes was studied in both aqueous and organic solutions. Poly(3,3''-DDTT) showed no response in aqueous solution in the potential range where PB is electroactive, thus in buffered aqueous solution is was possible to characterize the composite material, focusing only on the redox behaviour of PB. A combined effect of anion and cation of the supporting electrolyte was noticed. The response of Pt electrodes modified with films of the PB /poly(3,3''-DDTT) composite was evaluated for the determination of H2O2. The performance of such films was found better than that of the PB alone. It can be concluded that poly(3,3''-DDTT) plays a key role in the stabilization of Prussian Blue causing also a wider linearity range for the electrocatalytic response to H2O2.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Kharina, Anastasiia
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Data di discussione della Tesi
19 Ottobre 2012

Altri metadati

Statistica sui download

Gestione del documento: Visualizza il documento