Studio di catalisi termoattivate per compositi poliuretanici

Cuoghi, Valentina (2012) Studio di catalisi termoattivate per compositi poliuretanici. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270]
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One of the key processing parameters in thermoset composites manufacturing is to have an optimum balance between open time and cure time. Long open times followed with a fast cure profile (also referred as snap cure or “hockey stick” shaped profiles) are required on applications like Pultrusion, Filament Winding, Resin Transfer Molding (RTM) and Infusion. In this work, several factors affecting the reactivity of a base line polyurethane formulation were studied. The addition of different components such as internal mold release agents, cross-linker, polyols having different molecular structure and isocyanates having different functionality were studied. A literature search was conducted to identify the main catalyst packages existing in the market. The reactivity of catalyst based on tertiary amines, orgamometallic salts, and co-catalyst of amine-organometallic complexes was characterized. Addition of quelants agents such as thioglycerol and acetyl acetone to delay the catalyst activity were also considered. As a consequence of this work a vast reactivity map was generated. This should guide the formulation designer in future product generations for the further development of the mentioned applications. Recommendations on measurements systems and further areas of exploration are also given.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Cuoghi, Valentina
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
materiali compositi, poliuretani, catalisi
Data di discussione della Tesi
19 Ottobre 2012

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