Sviluppo di un metodo elettrochimico per la determinazione della capacità antiossidante

Matteucci, Pietro (2012) Sviluppo di un metodo elettrochimico per la determinazione della capacità antiossidante. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270]
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The aim of the present thesis, carried out at the Analytical Group of the Faculty of Industrial Chemistry in Bologna, is to develop a new electrochemical method for the determination of the Antioxidant Capacity (AOC). The approach is based on the deposition of a non-conducting polymeric film on the working electrode surface and the following exposition to the radicals OH· produced by H2O2 photolysis. The strongly oxidant action of hydroxyl radicals degrades, causing an increase of the Faradic current, relevant to the redox couple [Ru(NH3)6]2+/3+ monitored by cyclic voltammetry(CV); the presence of an antioxidant compound in solution slows down the radical action, thus protecting the polymeric film and blocking the charge transfer. The parameter adopted for the quantification of the AOC, was the induction time, called also lag phase, which is the time when the degradation of the film starts. Five pure compounds, among most commonly antioxidant, were investigated : Trolox®(an analogue water-soluble of vitamin E), (L)-ascorbic acid, gallic acid, pyrogallol and (-)- epicatechin. The AOC of each antioxidant was expressed by TEAC index (Trolox® Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity), calculated from the ratio between the slope of the calibration curve of the target compound and the slope of the calibration curve of Trolox®. The results from the electrochemical method, have been compared with those obtained from some other standardized methods, widely employed. The assays used for the comparison, have been: ORAC, a spectrofluorimetric method based on the decrease of fluorescein emission after the attack of alkylperoxide radicals, ABTS and DPPH that exploit the decoloration of stable nitrogen radicals when they are reduced in presence of an antioxidant compound and, finally, a potentiometric method based on the response of the redox couple [Fe(CN)6]3-/ [Fe(CN)6]4-. From the results obtained from pure compounds, it has been found that ORAC is the methodology showing the best correlation with the developed electrochemical method, maybe since similar radical species are involved. The comparison between the considered assays, was also extended to the analysis of a real sample of fruit juice. In such a case the TEAC value resulting from the electrochemical method is higher than those from standardized assays.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Matteucci, Pietro
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Data di discussione della Tesi
18 Ottobre 2012

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