Produzione di idrogeno mediante reforming ciclico dell'etanolo

Mari, Massimiliano (2012) Produzione di idrogeno mediante reforming ciclico dell'etanolo. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270]
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This work deals with a study on the feasibility of a new process, aimed at the production of hydrogen from water and ethanol (a compound obtained starting from biomasses), with inherent separation of hydrogen from C-containing products. The strategy of the process includes a first step, during which a metal oxide is contacted with ethanol at high temperature; during this step, the metal oxide is reduced and the corresponding metallic form develops. During the second step, the reduced metal compound is contacted at high temperature with water, to produce molecular hydrogen and with formation of the original metal oxide. In overall, the combination of the two steps within the cycle process corresponds to ethanol reforming, where however COx and H2 are produced separately. Various mixed metal oxides were used as electrons and ionic oxygen carriers, all of them being characterized by the spinel (inverse) structure typical of Me ferrites: MeFe2O4 (Me=Co, Ni, Fe or Cu). The first step was investigated in depth; it was found that besides the generation of the expected CO, CO2 and H2O, the products of ethanol anaerobic oxidation, also a large amount of H2 and coke were produced. The latter is highly undesired, since it affects the second step, during which water is fed over the pre-reduced spinel at high temperature. The behavior of the different spinels was affected by the nature of the divalent metal cation; magnetite was the oxide showing the slower rate of reduction by ethanol, but on the other hand it was that one which could perform the entire cycle of the process more efficiently. Still the problem of coke formation remains the greater challenge to solve.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Mari, Massimiliano
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
steam-iron process, ethanol reforming, ferrite mixed oxide
Data di discussione della Tesi
Ottobre 2012

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