L'utilizzo di carbonati come reagenti per la sintesi "green" di derivati fenolici: l'esempio del 2-fenossi-1-etanolo

Tabanelli, Tommaso (2012) L'utilizzo di carbonati come reagenti per la sintesi "green" di derivati fenolici: l'esempio del 2-fenossi-1-etanolo. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270]
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2-Phenoxyethanol (ethylene glycol monophenyl ether) is used as solvent for cellulose acetate, dyes, inks, and resins; it is a synthetic intermediate in the production of plasticizers, pharmaceuticals, and fragrances. Phenoxyethanol is obtained industrially by reaction of phenol with ethylene oxide, in the presence of an homogeneous alkaline catalyst, typically sodium hydroxide. The yield is not higher than 95-96%, because of the formation of polyethoxylated compounds. However, the product obtained may not be acceptable for use in cosmetic preparations and fragrance formulations, due to presence of a pungent “metallic” odor which masks the pleasant odor of the ether, deriving from residual traces of the metallic catalyst. Here we report a study aimed at using ethylene carbonate in place of ethylene oxide as the reactant for phenoxyethanol synthesis; the use of carbonates as green nucleophilic reactants is an important issue in the context of a modern and sustainable chemical industry. Moreover, in the aim of developing a process which might adhere the principles of Green Chemistry, we avoided the use of solvents, and used heterogeneous basic catalysts. We carried out the reaction by using various molar ratios between phenol and ethylene carbonate, at temperatures ranging between 180 and 240°C, with a Na-mordenite catalyst. Under specific conditions, it was possible to obtain total phenol conversion with >99% yield to phenoxyethanol in few hours reaction time, using a moderate excess of ethylene carbonate. Similar results, but with longer reaction times, were obtained using a stoichiometric feed ratio of reactants. One important issue of the research was finding conditions under which the leaching of Na was avoided, and the catalyst could be separated and reused for several reaction batches.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Tabanelli, Tommaso
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Green chemistry, fenolo, etilencarbonato, 2-fenossi-1-etanolo, catalisi eterogenea, mordenite
Data di discussione della Tesi
16 Luglio 2012

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