Influence of alternative electron acceptors on the anaerobic biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Ansaloni, Luca (2009) Influence of alternative electron acceptors on the anaerobic biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. [Laurea specialistica], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria per l'ambiente e il territorio [LS-DM509]
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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are chemicals produced by both human activities and natural sources and they have been present in the biosphere since millions of years. For this reason microorganisms should have developed, during the world history, the capacity of metabolized them under different electron acceptors and redox conditions. The deep understanding of these natural attenuation processes and of microbial degradation pathways has a main importance in the cleanup of contaminated areas. Anaerobic degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons is often presumed to be slow and of a minor ecological significance compared with the aerobic processes; however anaerobic bioremediation may play a key role in the transformation of organic pollutants when oxygen demand exceeds supply in natural environments. Under such conditions, anoxic and anaerobic degradation mediated by denitrifying or sulphate-reducing bacteria can become a key pathway for the contaminated lands clean up. Actually not much is known about anaerobic bioremediation processes. Anaerobic biodegrading techniques may be really interesting for the future, because they give the possibility of treating contaminated soil directly in their natural status, decreasing the costs concerning the oxygen supply, which usually are the highest ones, and about soil excavations and transports in appropriate sites for a further disposal. The aim of this dissertation work is to characterize the conditions favouring the anaerobic degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Special focus will be given to the assessment of the various AEA efficiency, the characterization of degradation performance and rates under different redox conditions as well as toxicity monitoring. A comparison with aerobic and anaerobic degradation concerning the same contaminated material is also made to estimate the different biodegradation times.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea specialistica)
Autore della tesi
Ansaloni, Luca
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Tecniche e tecnologie ambientali
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Bioremediation, Anaerobic biodegradation, alternative electron acceptors
Data di discussione della Tesi
17 Marzo 2009

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