Non-line-of-sight localization with frequency-selective metasurfaces

Calesini, Giacomo (2023) Non-line-of-sight localization with frequency-selective metasurfaces. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria elettronica e telecomunicazioni per l'energia [LM-DM270] - Cesena
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An emerging technology, that Smart Radio Environments rely on to improve wireless link quality, are Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RISs). A RIS, in general, can be understood as a thin layer of EM composite material, typically mounted on the walls or ceilings of buildings, which can be reconfigured even after its deployment in the network. RISs made by composing artificial materials in an engineered way, in order to obtain unconventional characteristics, are called metasurfaces. Through the programming of the RIS, it is possible to control and/or modify the radio waves that affect it, thus shaping the radio environment. To overcome the limitations of RISs, the metaprism represents an alternative: it is a passive and non-reconfigurable frequency-selective metasurface that acts as a metamirror to improve the efficiency of the wireless link. In particular, using an OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing) signaling it is possible to control the reflection of the signal, suitably selecting the sub-carrier assigned to each user, without having to interact with the metaprism or having to estimate the CSI. This thesis investigates how OFDM signaling and metaprism can be used for localization purposes, especially to extend the coverage area at low cost, in a scenario where the user is in NLoS (Non-line-of-sight) conditions with respect to the base station, both single antenna. In particular, the paper concerns the design of the analytical model and the corresponding Matlab implementation of a Maximum Likelihood (ML) estimator able to estimate the unknown position, behind an obstacle, from which a generic user transmits to a base station, exploiting the metaprism.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Calesini, Giacomo
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
RIS,metasurfaces,metaprism,Non-line-of-sight,localization,ML estimator,user,Base station,SRE,frequency-selective
Data di discussione della Tesi
9 Febbraio 2023

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