Augmented Audiovisual Translation: the Perks and Perils of the Implementation of Artificial Intelligence in Subtitling and Dubbing

Giannoni, Laura (2022) Augmented Audiovisual Translation: the Perks and Perils of the Implementation of Artificial Intelligence in Subtitling and Dubbing. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Specialized translation [LM-DM270] - Forli', Documento ad accesso riservato.
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This thesis examines the state of audiovisual translation (AVT) in the aftermath of the COVID-19 emergency, highlighting new trends with regards to the implementation of AI technologies as well as their strengths, constraints, and ethical implications. It starts with an overview of the current AVT landscape, focusing on future projections about its evolution and its critical aspects such as the worsening working conditions lamented by AVT professionals – especially freelancers – in recent years and how they might be affected by the advent of AI technologies in the industry. The second chapter delves into the history and development of three AI technologies which are used in combination with neural machine translation in automatic AVT tools: automatic speech recognition, speech synthesis and deepfakes (voice cloning and visual deepfakes for lip syncing), including real examples of start-up companies that utilize them – or are planning to do so – to localize audiovisual content automatically or semi-automatically. The third chapter explores the many ethical concerns around these innovative technologies, which extend far beyond the field of translation; at the same time, it attempts to revindicate their potential to bring about immense progress in terms of accessibility and international cooperation, provided that their use is properly regulated. Lastly, the fourth chapter describes two experiments, testing the efficacy of the currently available tools for automatic subtitling and automatic dubbing respectively, in order to take a closer look at their perks and limitations compared to more traditional approaches. This analysis aims to help discerning legitimate concerns from unfounded speculations with regards to the AI technologies which are entering the field of AVT; the intention behind it is to humbly suggest a constructive and optimistic view of the technological transformations that appear to be underway, whilst also acknowledging their potential risks.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Giannoni, Laura
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
audiovisual translation,AVT,subtitling,dubbing,artificial intelligence,AI,voice technologies,speech-to-speech translation
Data di discussione della Tesi
25 Maggio 2022

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