Gyrokinetic modelling of plasma transport and investigation on test particle dynamics

Stanzani, Matteo (2022) Gyrokinetic modelling of plasma transport and investigation on test particle dynamics. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria energetica [LM-DM270]
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Turbulent plasmas inside tokamaks are modeled and studied using guiding center theory, applied to charged test particles, in a Hamiltonian framework. The equations of motion for the guiding center dynamics, under the conditions of a constant and uniform magnetic field and turbulent electrostatic field are derived by averaging over the fast gyroangle, for the first and second order in the guiding center potential, using invertible changes of coordinates such as Lie transforms. The equations of motion are then made dimensionless, exploiting temporal and spatial periodicities of the model chosen for the electrostatic potential. They are implemented numerically in Python. Fast Fourier Transform and its inverse are used. Improvements to the original Python scripts are made, notably the introduction of a power-law curve fitting to account for anomalous diffusion, the possibility to integrate the equations in two steps to save computational time by removing trapped trajectories, and the implementation of multicolored stroboscopic plots to distinguish between trapped and untrapped guiding centers. The post-processing of the results is made in MATLAB. The values and ranges of the parameters chosen for the simulations are selected based on numerous simulations used as feedback tools. In particular, a recurring value for the threshold to detect trapped trajectories is evidenced. Effects of the Larmor radius, the amplitude of the guiding center potential and the intensity of its second order term are studied by analyzing their diffusive regimes, their stroboscopic plots and the shape of guiding center potentials. The main result is the identification of cases anomalous diffusion depending on the values of the parameters (mostly the Larmor radius). The transitions between diffusive regimes are identified. The presence of highways for the super-diffusive trajectories are unveiled. The influence of the charge on these transitions from diffusive to ballistic behaviors is analyzed.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Stanzani, Matteo
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Gyrokinetics,Guiding center theory,Larmor radius,Python,Matlab,Plasma turbulence,Lie transform,Hamiltonian mechanics,Fast Fourier Transform,Discrete Fourier Transform,Bessel Function,Electrostatic potential,Magnetic field,Numerical simulation,Spectral method,Chaotic regime,Anomalous diffusion,Poincaré section,Stroboscopic plot,Nuclear fusion,Tokamak,Magnetic confinement,Particle transport,Poisson bracket,Mean square displacement,Plasma,Charged particle,Electromagnetism,Electromagnetic field
Data di discussione della Tesi
27 Maggio 2022

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