Ingegnerizzazione e design di nanoparticelle core-shell di magnetite/silice

Caruana, Lorenzo (2011) Ingegnerizzazione e design di nanoparticelle core-shell di magnetite/silice. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270]
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In the past decade the study of superparamagnetic nanoparticles has been intensively developed for many biomedical applications such as magnetically assisted drug delivery, MRI contrast agents, cells separation and hyperthermia therapy. All of these applications require nanoparticles with high magnetization, equipped also with a suitable surface coating which has to be non-toxic and biocompatible. In this master thesis, the silica coating of commercially available magnetic nanoparticles was investigated. Silica is a versatile material with many intrinsic features, such as hydrophilicity, low toxicity, proper design and derivatization yields particularly stable colloids even in physiological conditions. The coating process was applied to commercial magnetite particles dispersed in an aqueous solution. The formation of silica coated magnetite nanoparticles was performed following two main strategies: the Stöber process, in which the silica coating of the nanoparticle was directly formed by hydrolysis and condensation of suitable precursor in water-alcoholic mixtures; and the reverse microemulsions method in which inverse micelles were used to confine the hydrolysis and condensation reactions that bring to the nanoparticles formation. Between these two methods, the reverse microemulsions one resulted the most versatile and reliable because of the high control level upon monodispersity, silica shell thickness and overall particle size. Moving from low to high concentration, within the microemulsion region a gradual shift from larger particles to smaller one was detected. By increasing the amount of silica precursor the silica shell can also be tuned. Fluorescent dyes have also been incorporated within the silica shell by linking with the silica matrix. The structure of studied nanoparticles was investigated by using transmission electron microscope (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). These techniques have been used to monitor the syntetic procedures and for the final characterization of silica coated and silica dye doped nanoparticles. Finally, field dependent magnetization measurements showed the magnetic properties of core-shell nanoparticles were preserved. Due to a very well defined structure that combines magnetic and luminescent properties together with the possibility of further functionalization, these multifunctional nanoparticles are potentially useful platforms in biomedical fields such as labeling and imaging.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Caruana, Lorenzo
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
nanoparticelle, core shell, magnetite silice
Data di discussione della Tesi
14 Ottobre 2011

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