Determinazione di amminotioli mediante elettroforesi capillare

Zambardi, Corinna (2011) Determinazione di amminotioli mediante elettroforesi capillare. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270]
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The aminothiols are critical cellular components that play numerous and important roles in metabolism as key extracellular reducing agents, critical substrates for proteins synthesis and detoxificants of free radicals and peroxides. Because altered thiols levels in body fluids are linked to specific pathological conditions, their measurement is thus considered very important. One method to determine these compounds is the capillary electrophoresis, a technique that involves the separation of charged molecules on the basis of their movement under the influence of an applied electric field. The instrument used in this work is equipped with an amperometric detector recording the current of the thiols oxidized at the end of the capillary at a BDD electrode. The aim of this work is to find a valid method for the separations of the aminothiols analyzed, in terms of capillary coating and experimental conditions. In order to find an alternative and less expensive electrode than BDD and to increase sensitivity for the detection of the thiols, a modified electrode consisting in a carbon paste electrode containing Cobalt-phthalocyanine has been studied. In this electrode Cobalt-phthalocyanine works as electrocatalyst to enhance the oxidation reaction, meanwhile the graphite acts as conductive mean. This kind of electrode shows great sensibility and low detection limits for the thiols that have a free thiolic group, but it is not sensible to disulfides. The analysis of human plasma point out that the best method found for the capillary electrophoresis is not useful for the detection of aminothiols in a healthy person, because the very low concentrations in which they are present.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Zambardi, Corinna
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
elettroforesi capillare, amminotioli, elettrodo BDD, elettrodi modificati
Data di discussione della Tesi
12 Ottobre 2011

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