Theoretical and experimental studies of gold catalysts for glucose oxidation

Ventimiglia, Alessia (2020) Theoretical and experimental studies of gold catalysts for glucose oxidation. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270]
Documenti full-text disponibili:
[img] Documento PDF (Thesis)
Disponibile con Licenza: Creative Commons: Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Download (3MB)


The glucaric acid (GLA) has been identified as a “top value-added chemical from biomass” that can be employed for many uses; for instance, it could be a precursor of adipic acid, a monomer of Nylon-6,6. GLA can be synthetized by the oxidation of glucose (GLU), passing through the intermediate gluconic acid (GLO). In recent years, a new process has been sought to obtain GLA in an economic and environmental sustainable way, in order to replace the current use of HNO3 as a stoichiometric oxidant, or electrocatalysis and biochemical synthesis, which show several disadvantages. Thereby, this work is focused on the study of catalysts based on gold nanoparticles supported on activated carbon for the oxidation reaction of GLU to GLA using O2 as an oxidant agent and NaOH as base. The sol-immobilization method leads us to obtain small and well dispersed nanoparticles, characterized by UV-Vis, XRD and TEM techniques. Repeating the reaction on different batches of catalyst, both the synthesis and the reaction were confirmed to be reproducible. The effect of the reaction time feeding GLO as reagent was studied: the results show that the conversion of GLO increases as the reaction time increases; however, the yields of GLA and others increase up to 1 hour, and then they remain constant. In order to obtain information on the catalytic mechanism at the atomistic level, a computational study based on density functional theory and atomistic modeling of the gold nano-catalyst were performed. Highly symmetric (icosahedral and cubo-octahedral) and distorted Au55 nanoparticles have been optimized along with Au(111) and Au(100) surfaces. Distorted structures were found to be more stable than symmetrical ones due to relativistic effects. On these various models the adsorptions of various species involved in the catalysis have been studied, including OH- species, GLU and GLO. The study carried out aims to provide a method for approaching to the study of nanoparticellary catalytic systems.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Ventimiglia, Alessia
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
glucose oxidation nanoparticles DFT modeling glucaric acid catalysis optimization
Data di discussione della Tesi
19 Ottobre 2020

Altri metadati

Statistica sui download

Gestione del documento: Visualizza il documento