Development and Characterization of Biopolymers

Catani, Linda (2020) Development and Characterization of Biopolymers. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Analisi e gestione dell'ambiente [LM-DM270] - Ravenna
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Development and characterization of biopolymers was done in AIJU’s laboratories. AIJU, Technological Institute for children’s products and leisure is based in Spain. The work has the aim to study qualities and characteristics of bioplastics’ blends, in order to design where improvements can be executed. Biopolymers represent a sector with great development possibilities because they combine high technical potential and eco-sustainability. Nowadays, plastic pollution has becoming increasingly concerning, particularly in terms of management of waste. Bioplastics provide an alternative for the disposal of products, reducing the volume of waste and enhancing the end of life recovery. Despite the growing interest in biopolymers there is some gaps that need be filled. The main objective on this work, is the optimization of bioplastics mechanical properties, to find suitable substitutes, as similar as possible to conventional plastics. Firstly, investigations on processability of biomaterials has been deepen since the project deals with toy manufacturing’s sector. Thus, starting from laboratory scale the work aspires to expand industrially. By working with traditional machines, it was notable that, with some limited modifications, the equipment can perform the same functions. Therefore, operational processes do not emerge as an obstacle to the production chain. Secondly, after processing bio-blends, they are characterized by thermal tests (melt flow index, differential scanning calorimetry-DSC, thermogravimetry-TGA) and mechanical tests (traction and flexural tests, Charpy impact, SHORE D hardness and density). While the compatibility does not show relevant results, mechanical improvements has been visualized with addition of more ductile materials. The study was developed by inclusion of sustainable additive VINNEX® to blends. The thesis has highlighted that integration of more flexible materials provides elasticity without compromising bioplastics’ properties.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Catani, Linda
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Bioplastics,Toy sector,Sustainable materials
Data di discussione della Tesi
29 Maggio 2020

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