Study of the second hyperpolarizability of poly(3-alkylthiophenes) using the third-harmonic scattering technique

Battaglini, Elena (2020) Study of the second hyperpolarizability of poly(3-alkylthiophenes) using the third-harmonic scattering technique. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270]
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During the past years, the considerable need in the domain of communications for more potent photonic devices has focused the research activities into the nonlinear optical (NLO) materials which can be used for modern optical switches. In this regard, a lot of research activities are focused on the organic materials and conjugated polymers which offer more advantages compared to the inorganic ones. On this matter, poly(3-alkylthiophene) (P3AT), an organic conjugated polymer, can be investigated as potential optical material with in particular the focus on the NLO properties such as the first- and second-hyperpolarizability, β and γ respectively. The activities carried out at the Laboratory of Polymer Synthesis of the KU Leuven, during the master's thesis work, focused on the study of conjugated polymers in order to evaluate their NLO properties for the future purpose of applications in optical systems. In particular, three series of polythiophenes functionalized with an alkyl side chain in the 3-position were synthesized: poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT), poly[3-(2-ethylhexyl)thiophene] (P3EHT) and random copolymer of the two regio-isomers of P3HT. They were made in order to study the influence of molar mass, branching and regio-irregularity on the γ-value. The Kumada catalyst transfer condensative polymerization (KCTCP) and the Pd(RuPhos)-protocol were used for the polymerizations in order to have control over the molar mass of the growing chain and consequently to obtain well-defined and reproducible materials. The P3AT derivatives obtained were characterized by gel permeation chromatography (GPC), spectroscopic techniques (1H-NMR, UV-Vis) and the γ-value was investigated using the third-harmonic scattering (THS) technique. In particular, the THS technique is useful to investigate the optical behavior of the series of polymers in solution.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Battaglini, Elena
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
poly(3-alkylthiophenes) nonlinear optics controlled polymerization
Data di discussione della Tesi
25 Marzo 2020

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