Advanced techniques for Environmental Risk Assessment within the Oil & Gas sector

Ricciu, Marta (2019) Advanced techniques for Environmental Risk Assessment within the Oil & Gas sector. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria per l'ambiente e il territorio [LM-DM270], Documento full-text non disponibile
Il full-text non è disponibile per scelta dell'autore. (Contatta l'autore)


Oil and gas installations in sensitive areas with harsh environmental conditions may require improved risk monitoring, assessment, and management in order to prevent and limit the damage caused by accidental hydrocarbon spills in the sea. This issue is a priority when the installation under examination is located in an area defined as sensitive. The present work deals with a real reference case study, an offshore installation located in the Barents Sea, which represents a relevant example of innovative facility operating offshore in the Arctic sensitive region. Hydrocarbon process leaks are a major contributor to offshore risk. The scenarios that may develop from the Process area of this installation have been selected through the application of a leak frequency model and the modeling of the safety barriers. The Process Leak for Offshore installation Frequency Assessment Model estimates the topside process leak frequencies for use in Quantitative Risk Analysis of fire and explosion at installations located on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. It is based on the assumption that the leak frequency is proportional to the number of each type of equipment. The performances of the safety barriers have been used as QRA parameters. The environmental risk is evaluated through an exposure-based analysis, based on duration, rate and amount of the release as well as oil drift simulation. This step has been carried out thanks to the SINTEF’s software OSCAR – Oil Spill Contingency and Response. The level of estimated risk is then compared with the stringent tolerability criteria to which installations located in sensitive areas are subjected. Further information about the impact on the ecosystem is given by the EIF factor related to different release categories.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Ricciu, Marta
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Earth resources engineering
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
environmental risk assessment,oil spills
Data di discussione della Tesi
19 Dicembre 2019

Altri metadati

Gestione del documento: Visualizza il documento