Excited state energy surfaces of flexible emitters for thermally activated delayed fluorescence

Sombut, Panukorn (2019) Excited state energy surfaces of flexible emitters for thermally activated delayed fluorescence. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270]
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Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLEDs) technology has matured over recent years, reaching the commercialization level and being used in various applications. The required efficiency can be achieved by transforming triplet excitons into singlet states via Reverse InterSystem Crossing (RISC), which a general mechanism called thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF). Two prototypical molecules in the field, 2CzBN and 4CzBN, Carbazole Benzonitrile (donor-acceptor) derivatives, possess similar energy gap between singlet and triplet (∆EST, a key parameter in the RISC rate), but different TADF performance. In this sense, other parameter must be considered to explain these different behaviors. In this work, we theoretically investigate 2CzBN and 4CzBN and address the problem of how flexible donor-acceptor (D-A) or donor-acceptor-donor (D-A-D) molecular architectures affect the nature of excited state, and the oscillator strength. Furthermore, we analyze the RISC rates as a function of the conformation of the carbazole side groups, considering the S0, S1, T1 and T2 states. The oscillator strength of 4CzBN is higher than of 2CzBN, which, in turn, is almost vanishing, resulting in only 4CzBN being a TADF active molecule. We also note the presence of a second triplet state T2 lower in energy than S1, and that the reorganization energies, associated to the RISC processes involving T1 and T2, are both important factor in differentiating the rates in 2CzBN and 4CzBN. However, the 4CzBN RISC rate from T2 to S1 is surprisingly high with respect to the one from T1 to S1, although, according to EL-Sayed rules, since T2 (CT/LE) is more similar to S1 (CT) than in 2CzBN (LE, CT), this transition should be less favored. These insights are important to understand the photophysics of the TADF process and to design novel TADF emitters based on the benzo-carbazole architecture.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Sombut, Panukorn
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Advanced Spectroscopy in Chemistry
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
thermally activated delayed fluorescence (reverse) intersystem crossing donor-acceptor and donor-acceptor-donor spin-orbit coupling
Data di discussione della Tesi
26 Luglio 2019

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