Development and optimization of fibre-shaped dye-sensitized solar cells employing an innovative fully organic sensitizer

Casadio, Simone (2019) Development and optimization of fibre-shaped dye-sensitized solar cells employing an innovative fully organic sensitizer. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270], Documento ad accesso riservato.
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Abstract

The quality of human life depends to a large degree on the availability of energy. In recent years, photovoltaic technology has been growing extraordinarily as a suitable source of energy, as a consequence of the increasing concern over the impact of fossil fuels on climate change. Developing affordable and highly efficiently photovoltaic technologies is the ultimate goal in this direction. Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) offer an efficient and easily implementing technology for future energy supply. Compared to conventional silicon solar cells, they provide comparable power conversion efficiency at low material and manufacturing costs. In addition, DSSCs are able to harvest low-intensity light in diffuse illumination conditions and then represent one of the most promising alternatives to the traditional photovoltaic technology, even more when trying to move towards flexible and transparent portable devices. Among these, considering the increasing demand of modern electronics for small, portable and wearable integrated optoelectronic devices, Fibre Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (FDSSCs) have gained increasing interest as suitable energy provision systems for the development of the next-generation of smart products, namely “electronic textiles” or “e-textiles”. In this thesis, several key parameters towards the optimization of FDSSCs based on inexpensive and abundant TiO2 as photoanode and a new innovative fully organic sensitizer were studied. In particular, the effect of various FDSSCs components on the device properties pertaining to the cell architecture in terms of photoanode oxide layer thickness, electrolytic system, cell length and electrodes substrates were examined. The photovoltaic performances of the as obtained FDSSCs were fully characterized. Finally, the metal part of the devices (wire substrate) was substituted with substrates suitable for the textile industry as a fundamental step towards commercial exploitation.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Casadio, Simone
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Scuola
Corso di studio
Indirizzo
CHIMICA INDUSTRIALE
Ordinamento Cds
DM270
Parole chiave
dye-sensitized solar cells fiber-shaped dye-sensitized solar cells solar cells renewable energy sources organic sensitizers titanium dioxide electrolytes
Data di discussione della Tesi
26 Luglio 2019
URI

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