A Distributed Ledger based infrastructure for Intelligent Transportation Systems

Zichichi, Mirko (2019) A Distributed Ledger based infrastructure for Intelligent Transportation Systems. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Informatica [LM-DM270]
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Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) are proposed as an efficient way to improve performances in transportation systems applying information, communication, and sensor technologies to vehicles and transportation infrastructures. The great amount of vehicles produced data, indeed, can potentially lead to a revolution in ITS development, making them more powerful multifunctional systems. To this purpose, the use of Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs) can provide comfort and security to drivers through reliable communications. Meanwhile, distributed ledgers have emerged in recent years radically evolving the way that we used to consider finance, trust in communication and even renewing the concept of data sharing and allowing to establish autonomous, secured, trusted and decentralized systems. In this work an ITS infrastructure based on the combination of different emerging Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLTs) and VANETs is proposed, resulting in a transparent, self-managed and self-regulated system, that is not fully managed by a central authority. The intended design is focused on the user ability to use any type of DLT-based application and to transact using Smart Contracts, but also on the access control and verification over user’s vehicle produced data. Users "smart" transactions are achieved thanks to the Ethereum blockchain, widely used for distributed trusted computation, whilst data sharing and data access is possible thanks to the use of IOTA, a DLT fully designed to operate in the Internet of Things landscape, and IPFS, a protocol and a network that allows to work in a distributed file system. The aim of this thesis is to create a ready-to-work infrastructure based on the hypothesis that every user in the ITS must be able to participate. To evaluate the proposal, an infrastructure implementation is used in different real world use cases, common in Smart Cities and related to the ITS, and performance measurements are carried out for DLTs used.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Zichichi, Mirko
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Curriculum B: Informatica per il management
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Intelligent Transportation Systems,Distributed Ledgers,Internet of Things,Smart Cities,Security,Ethereum,IOTA,IPFS
Data di discussione della Tesi
17 Luglio 2019

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