Transcriptional profiles inferring thermal stress responses of the coral Oculina patagonica from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

Scucchia, Federica (2019) Transcriptional profiles inferring thermal stress responses of the coral Oculina patagonica from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Biologia marina [LM-DM270] - Ravenna, Documento ad accesso riservato.
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Abstract

During the past several decades, corals worldwide have been dealing with a considerable increase in water temperature due to climate change, which is predicted to increase the frequency of coral bleaching and mass mortality events. Nevertheless, corals show differences in stress susceptibility and they are not all affected evenly. The symbiotic coral Oculina patagonica from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea can thrive in relatively unstable environments and is considered a stress-tolerant species. In this study, baseline expression and temporal dynamics of induction of a 70-kDa heat shock protein (HSP70) after an acute heat stress were analyzed in O. patagonica to investigate the influence of its peculiar physiological traits on stress responsiveness. Furthermore, data collected were further discussed within a comparative analysis with similar findings reported in 5 temperate corals of the Mediterranean Sea (Franzellitti et al., 2018). Results show that O. patagonica hsp70 transcriptional response aligns with the formerly observed high resistance for elevated sea water temperatures of this species. The multispecies comparison shows that hsp70 expression varies in accordance with the stress sensitivity of coral populations inhabiting different thermal environments and possessing different trophic strategies and morphologies. This study also reports an analysis of the post heat-stress transcriptional regulation of transcripts related to energy metabolism (gadph), redox regulation (sod), and DNA damage (bcl-2 and bax), disclosing the time line of the events occurring in O. patagonica in response to an acute heat stress, which aligns with its quick recovery from bleaching. These molecular processes analysis is particularly demanding for corals inhabiting the Mediterranean Sea, in light of projected scenarios of anthropogenic global change.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Scucchia, Federica
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Scuola
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
DM270
Parole chiave
thermal stress, coral, gene expression, heat shock protein, physiological plasticity, bleaching, climate change
Data di discussione della Tesi
21 Marzo 2019
URI

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