Design of an acoustically transparent pressure sensor for breast elastography

Avallone, Giulia (2019) Design of an acoustically transparent pressure sensor for breast elastography. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria meccanica [LM-DM270]
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Breast cancer is the most commonly occurring cancer in women. Only in 2018 there were over 2 million new cases all over the world. The MURAB project, pursued at the University of Twente, has the aim to improving the breast biopsy procedure by reducing costs, patient discomfort and false negative rates. A 7-DOF KUKA robot arm steers an ultrasound transducer along a precise scanning trajectory to gather 3D volume image and stiffness values of the breast. Elasticity is the property of a body to be deformed and differs between tumors tissue and soft tissue. Elastography is a non-invasive technique in which the elasticity of a tissue is determined. The aim of this study is to design an acoustically transparent pressure sensor, mounted on the tip of the ultrasound probe, that can measure pressure differences across its surface during the scan, and assess elastographic measurements. The main idea is to use a pad of a characterized material and sequentially ultrasound images able to visualize the section of the pad and evaluate its deformation during time. The transmission of ultrasound waves into a solid depends on the mechanical characteristics of the material and on its physic state. In this work the relations between the acoustic properties and the mechanical behavior of an acoustically transparent pad are studied and evaluated.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Avallone, Giulia
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Elastrography,Breast Cancer,Pressure sensor,Ultrasound system,Ultrasound imaging
Data di discussione della Tesi
14 Marzo 2019

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