Small-scale physical modelling of piled foundations for offshore wind turbines application

Conti, Claudio (2019) Small-scale physical modelling of piled foundations for offshore wind turbines application. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria per l'ambiente e il territorio [LM-DM270], Documento full-text non disponibile
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Nowadays, finding alternative energy sources is becoming more and more important. Europe is particularly focusing on wind energy and in offshore wind energy especially. An issue concerning offshore wind energy which is gaining more and more attention is the noise emissions due to impact driven pile foundation. The noise caused by the installation process has been judged as “potentially dangerous for marine fauna” from the German Authorities. This research thesis is part of a project which examines a viable alternative installation method for the displacement of pile foundations for offshore wind energy called pile jacking. This technology should be developed to be cost-efficient, flexibly scalable and to produce considerably reduced vibration and air pollution emissions during its placement in the sea bed. Jacked piles technology would eliminate almost any noise deriving from the hammer impact. As most offshore piled foundations have been installed by impact driving technology, the question arises as to how piles with different the stiffness and the capacity , can otherwise be installed. In order to delineate the significant variables affecting the load-bearing capacity and especially the ultimate uplift capacity of a pile in saturated sand, a small-scale test campaign in scale 1:30 has been performed at the Test Center for Support Structures in Hanover. The campaign was supervised by the Department for Support Structures of Fraunhofer IWES. A testing schedule comprising of 15 small-scale geotechnical physical experiments was conducted on open-ended piles to an embedded length of 75 cm using two method of pile installation: static jacking and impact driving. The aim of this thesis is to obtain preliminary experimental data and set out the main features of this technology. The results obtained by this study reveal that static jacking installation lead to higher resistances and is overall beneficial to the mechanical load bearing behavior of pile foundations.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Conti, Claudio
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ingegneria per l'ambiente e il territorio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
offshore,wind turbine,piles,foundation,substructure,placement method,jacked installation,impact-driven installation,compression test,tension test,load-bearing capacity,shaft resistance,axial capacity,pile group efficiency,sand characterization
Data di discussione della Tesi
15 Marzo 2019

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